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Extinct dog breeds!!!


Jul 30, 2009, 6:07 PM

Post #1 of 1 (3480 views)
Extinct dog breeds!!! Can't Post

Hi all dog lovers...I would like to share some thoughts of extinct dog breedsFrown...How nice if they are still aliveFrown

A number of modern breeds are believed directly descended from the Alaunt. The original alaunt is thought to have resembled a Caucasian Ovcharka. They were large, short coated mountain dogs of varying type. The Alaunt was bred and formed by the Alani tribes, the nomads of Indo-European Sarmatian ancestry who were related to the Sarmatians and spoke an Indo-Iranian language. The Alans were known as superb warriors, herdsmen, and breeders of horses and dogs. The Alans bred their dogs for work and had developed different strains within the breed for specific duties.

The Alpine Mastiff is an extinct Molosser dog breed, the progenitor of the St. Bernard, and a major contributor to the modern Mastiff (through such dogs as "Couchez"]), as well as to other breeds that derive from these breeds or are closely related to them. M.B.Wynn wrote, "In 1829 a vast light brindle dog of the old Alpine mastiff breed, named L'Ami, was brought from the convent of Great St. Bernard, and exhibited in London and Liverpool as the largest dog in England." William Cavendish, 5th Duke of Devonshire, is believed to have bred Alpine Mastiffs at Chatsworth House. The names "Alpine Mastiff" and "Saint Bernard" were used interchangeably in the early 19th century, though the variety that was kept at the hospice at the Great St. Bernard Pass was significantly altered by introducing other breeds, including Newfoundland and Great Dane, and it is this composite breed that now carries the name St. Bernard. Inevitably these dogs filtered through to the wider population, and the original variety dwindled in its pure form, though a rare breed, the "Cane Garouf" or "Patua", found in the part of the Alps formerly inhabited by the Alpine Mastiff, may also descend from the extinct breed.

The Blue Paul Terrier resembled contemporary pit dogs. They had a smooth coat and were powerfully built. They weighed about 20 kg and measured up to 50 cm at the withers. The head was large; the forehead was flat, muscle short and square, large and broad but not receding like that of the Bulldog. The jaws and teeth were even with no overchanging flews. They had a slight dip between the eyes, which were dark hazel and not sunken, prominent, nor showing haw. The ears were small, thin, set on high, and invariably cropped, and the face was not wrinkled. The eyebrows contracted or knit. The facial expression of the Blue Paul has never been seen in any other breed and can frequently be recognized in mixed-breed dogs. The body was round and well ribbed up, its back short, broad, and muscular but not roached, and its chest deep and wide. The tail was set low and devoid of fringe, rather drooping and never rising above the back. The dog stood straight and firmly on its legs. Its forelegs were stout and muscular, showing no curve. The hind legs were very thick and strong, with well-developed muscles. The colour was dark blue as can be seen in Greyhounds; however, they sometimes produced brindles or reds, which were known as red smuts in Scotland.

The Braque du Puy was an old breed of hunting dog in France, bred for hunting in the lowlands and known for being fast and flexible. The breed was created in Poitou in the 1800s by crossing other Braques with greyhound-type dogs. One story is that two brothers named du Puy crossed their Braque Francais dog with a Sloughi brought back from Africa by a French soldier.Colour of the Braque du Puy was white with orange or liver coloured marks, and was a medium to large size. The breed has now either died out or has died out in its original form, although the type may be reconstituted from other breeds and called Braque du Puy (or variants of the name) for the rare breed pet market in various parts of the world.

The Bullenbeisser (also known as the German Bulldog) was a breed of dog known for its strength and agility. The breed was closely related to the Bärenbeisser (some believe that the two breeds were the same (the names mean "bull-biter" and "bear-biter")), and the Boxer. There were two regional varieties, the Brabanter Bullenbeisser and the Danziger Bullenbeisser. The breed is now unfortunately extinct due to crossbreeding instead of the usual overkilling.The history of Bullenbeissers can be traced back to 370 AD, the time the warriors called Alans started migrating from Asia Minor to Europe. They brought large fighting dogs with them (called Alaunts), which were probably descendants of huge dogs from the Caucasus and the Eurasian Steppe (animals very similar to the present breeds Gampr, Central Asian Shepherd Dog, and Central Asian Ovcharka). After the conquest of the Iberian Peninsula, by the late 5th century, the dogs were adopted in all countries of Europe.

The Cordoba Fighting Dog is an extinct breed of dog. The Cordoba was a crossbreed of Mastiff, Bull Terrier, Boxer, and Old English Bulldog.The Cordoba Fighting Dog originated in Córdoba, Argentina. The breed had such strong aggression toward other dogs that the males and females would rather fight than mate. In addition, many members of this breed died in the dog fighting pits, contributing to the breed's extinction.

The Cumberland Sheepdog is an extinct dog breed related to the Border Collie and other old working Collie types. It is claimed to be one of the ancestors of the Australian Shepherd and in the early part of the 20th Century some Cumberland Sheepdogs were being referred to as Border Collies and may have been absorbed into the latter breed.By 1948, not much was heard of the breed although it had been in the north of England for a very considerable time. From the Peak District to the Cheviots, particularly on the eastern side, the Cumberland Sheepdog was considered an excellent working breed. The late Lord Lonsdale was a great admirer of Cumberland Sheepdogs and owned many throughout his life. The breed had been in his family for more than a hundred years and he attempted to save it from extinction. In 1899, Lord Lonsdale was forced to outcross his remaining Cumberland Sheepdogs to the German Shepherd Dog. This rescued the breed for several decades, but several years before Hubbard wrote his book, Lord Lonsdale had disbanded his kennel and given his remaining Cumberlands to farmer friends around Lowther. Cumberland farmers had entered the breed in Sheepdog Trials for at least sixty-five years prior to its disappearance. According to Hubbard, many of the so-called Border Collies which had won awards were Cumberland Sheepdogs.

Dogo Cubano or Cuban Mastiff or Cuban Dogo or Cuban Dogge is an extinct breed of dog from Cuba. It was of Bull Mastiff type. This breed of dog was used for dog fighting.This breed of dog was introduced in Cuba to capture runaway slaves (cimarrones). After the abolition of slavery it became too expensive to feed and the breed ceased to exist with time.They were between a Bulldog and a Mastiff in size. The muzzle was short, broad, and abruptly truncated. The head was broad and flat, and the lips, deeply pendulous. The medium sized ears, were also partly pendulous, the tail rather short, cylindrical, and turned upwards and forwards towards the tip. They were described as a "rusty wolf-colour", with black face, lips, and legs.

The Roman Province of Britannia was known for exporting dogs. The references by Roman writers to the these dogs suggest that British dogs were both fast and strong, useful in hunting and even in war. Some modern dog book authors are of the opinion that these dogs were a distinct breed of dog, and that this breed was the progenitor to the English Mastiff and possibly the Bulldog.The ancient Greek historian Strabo reported that dogs were exported from Britain for the purpose of game hunting, and that these dogs were also used by the Celts as war dogs.The late Roman poet Nemesianus referred to British dogs, describing them as swift and suited to hunting.The even later Roman poet Claudian describes British dogs "that can break the backs of mighty bulls".

The English Water Spaniel is a breed of dog extinct since the 1900s, with the last of the breed being seen in the 1930's. The breed was known for hunting waterfowl and "diving as well as the ducks".The English Water Spaniel looked little like the Irish Water Spaniel of today. It actually more closely resembled a curly-haired version of the Welsh Springer Spaniel with a pointier muzzle, with traits of the Collie, poodle, and setter. The white and liver/tan dog stood about 20 inches tall and looked like a typical, lean, long-legged spaniel with long ears, a white underbelly, and brown back, except that it had the coat of a water dog.

The White English Terrier also known as the English White Terrier or Old English Terrier is an extinct breed of dog.The English White Terrier is the failed show ring name of a pricked-ear version of the white fox-working terriers that have existed in the U.K. since the late 18th Century.The name "English White Terrier" was invented and embraced in the early 1860s by a handful of breeders anxious to create a new breed from a prick-eared version of the small white working terriers that were later "improved" into the Fox Terrier, the Jack Russell Terrier, the Sealyham Terrier and later in America - the Rat Terrier.In the end, however, the Kennel Club hierarchy decided the "English White Terrier" was a distinction without a difference, while the dog's genetic problems made it unpopular with the public. Within 30 years of appearing on the Kennel Club scene, the English White Terrier had slipped into extinction. It was, however, crossbred with the English Bulldog giving rise to the Boston Terrier and Bull Terrier.

The Hare Indian dog is an extinct breed of dog, formerly found in northern Canada and originally bred by the Hare Indians as a coursing dog. It was built for speed, being much like a coyote, but it gradually lost its usefulness as aboriginal hunting methods declined. The breed lost its separate identity through interbreeding with other dogs in the 19th century.It is thought by some that the breed originated from crossbreedings between native Tahltan dogs and dogs brought to the North American continent by Viking explorers during the Norse colonization of the Americas, as it bears strong similarities to Icelandic breeds in appearance and behaviour, such as cat-like body rubbing to express affection. The breed seemed to be kept exclusively by the Hare Indians and other neighbouring tribes, such as the Bear, Mountain, Dogrib, Cree, Slavey and Chippewa tribes living in the Northeastern Territories of Canada and the United States around the Great Bear Lake, Southwest to Lake Winnipeg and Lake Superior and West to the Mackenzie RiveR.

Hunting Dogs (Felids) refers to those few Hunting Dogs which are used primarily on large felids (members of the Cat Family), typically lions in the Old World and cougars in the New World. A pack may be used to track the animal and keep it at bay, which combines giving voice to the sound known as ‘’baying’’ and surrounding and confining the animal or they may be expected to engage the animal in combat and seize it, in the manner of the catch dogs used in Boar hunting, until the huntsmen have an opportunity to dispatch it. Because of this dual function, such dogs are often among the largest of all Hunting Dogs, and typically are of essentially Molosser type.

Kurī is the Māori language name for the Polynesian dog. It was introduced to New Zealand by Māori during their migrations from East Polynesia sometime between 800 and 1300 AD. It was used by Maori as a food source and as a source for making dog skin cloaks or Kahu kurī.The Polynesian dog became extinct in New Zealand some time after the arrival of European settlers to New Zealand. The last known specimens were a female and her pup which are now in the collection of the Museum of New Zealand, Te Papa Tongarewa.

This ancient extinct breed of dog is commonly considered to be the ancestor (in rivalry with the Alaunt, the dog of the Alans) of today's Mastiff-type dogs and of many other modern breeds. Mastiff-type dogs are often referred to as Molossus dogs or Molossers. It is one of the best-known breeds of Greco-Roman antiquity; however, its physical characteristics and function are debated. Though the Molossus breed no longer exists in its original form, it is noted as being instrumental in the development of modern breeds such as the St. Bernard, Great Pyrenees, Rottweiler, Greater Swiss Mountain Dog, and Bernese Mountain Dog.Some scholars contend that the Molossus was a dog used by the Ancient Greeks for fighting. They describe it as having a wide, short muzzle and a heavy dewlap (similar to modern Mastiff breeds) that was used to fight tigers, lions, elephants, and men in battle. A Roman copy of a Greek original sculpture of a guard dog (known as the Jennings Dog) is generally considered to represent a Molossus and can be seen at the British Museum.

The Moscow Water Dog, also known as the Moscow Diver, Moscow Retriever or Moskovsky Vodolaz, is a little known dog breed derived from the Newfoundland, Caucasian Ovcharka (Caucasian Shepherd) and East European Shepherd. It is now extinct, but was used in the development of the Russian Black Terrier. The Moscow Water Dog was produced only by the Red Star Kennels, the state operated organization chartered to provide working dogs for the armed services.After World War II, there were very few working dogs in the Soviet Union as many had been killed during the war. Some were imported but there were not enough to establish a dedicated breeding programme for a specific breed. The Central Military School of Working Dogs (the Red Star Kennels), under the command of Colonel G. P. Medvedev began working on developing a number of their own specialised breeds by crossing the available stock. A few breeds were established including the Moscow Newfoundland, a cross of German Shepherd Dog and Newfoundland; the Moscow Great Dane, using German Shepherd and Great Dane; the Brudasty Hound, which was an Airedale Terrier and Russian Hound mix; the Moscow Watchdog, a combination of St. Bernard and Caucasian Ovcharka; and the Moscow Water Dog. The most successful breed to come out of the programme was the Russian Black Terrier, which gained international recognition in 1984; it derived from a combination of 14 different breeds including the Moscow Water Dog in the later stages of its development.

The Norfolk Spaniel or Shropshire Spaniel is a breed of dog extinct since the 1800s. It was a very popular breed throughout Britain until the Sporting Spaniel Club was founded in 1885, and the number of pure Norfolk Spaniels began to greatly diminish, leading to the breed's 1902 exclusion from the classification of spaniels.Although the exact origin of the name is unknown, it is widely assumed that "Norfolk" comes from a former Duke of Norfolk who was known for owning spaniels, although the duke, himself, had denied any relation. Others believe that the name came from where the spaniel lived, since, in the 1860s, King Edward VII used Norfolk Spaniels to hunt in Norfolk.

The North Country Beagle, Northern Hound or Northern Beagle was a breed of dog that existed in Britain probably until early in the 19th century. The exact date of its extinction is not known; it is likely that it was gradually interbred with other breeds, particularly the modern Beagle, until the genuine North Country Beagle bloodline ceased to exist.The origins of the North Country Beagle are equally unclear. Most writers suggest that most hounds derived from the Talbot Hound that was imported to Britain in the 11th century after the Norman Conquest. The Talbot Hound was a predominantly white, slow, deep-throated, scent hound bred from the St Hubert Hound which had been developed in France in the 8th century. At some point the English Talbots were crossed with Greyhounds to give them an extra turn of speed, but they remained comparatively slow dogs that relied more on their nose than speed in the chase. The North Country Beagle was a large, bony hound with a square head, and long trailing ears. Chiefly bred in Yorkshire, it was common in the north of England, but below the River Trent the similar Southern Hound was more abundant. The North Country Beagle was a faster dog; in The British Encyclopedia of 1809, William Nicholson says that the North Country Beagle was kept by the "dashing class of sportsman" because it could "run down a brace [of hare] before dinner", but although a good scent hound, was probably lacking in this ability when compared to the delicate nose of the Southern Hound.

The Old English Bulldog was compact, broad and muscular as reflected in the well-known depiction Crib and Rosa. The average height was approximately 15 inches and they weighed about 45 pounds. A particular characteristic of the breed was the lower jaw that projected considerably in front of the upper jaw, which made possible a strong, vice-like grip. The nose was deeply set in the face, which allowed the dog to get enough air as it gripped the bull.The English blood sport of bull-baiting allowed for a specialized breed in the form of the Old English Bulldog. The main locations in London for these exhibitions were Westminster Pit, Bear Garden and Old Conduit Fields. One of the breeders who spanned the transition period between the Old English Bulldog and the modern Bulldog was famous dog dealer Bill George.

The Paisley Terrier was a breed of terrier type dog from Great Britain. The breed is now extinct. The Paisley Terrier was bred primarily as a pet and showdog version of the Skye Terrier, and was the progenitor of today's Yorkshire Terrier. The breed was called the Paisley terrier since most of the dogs came from that location, but it was also called the Clydesdale Terrier, for another location in the Clyde Valley where the dogs were bred.In a book written in 1894, the author speculate that the Paisley Terrier was created by fanciers in Glasgow who selected Skye Terriers with short backs and long, silky coats "until they bred fairly truly".Describing the Paisley Terrier in 1894, Rawdon Lee writes that "Though he can kill rats, and maybe other vermin, the Paisley Terrier is essentially a pet dog, and is usually kept as such."The breed was primarily a pet, and it was also a popular showdog. In 1903, the breed is referred to as "a fancier's dog, a sport from the Skye Terrier stock" and despite some fanciers of the time claiming that the breed had the "hardiness and fitness for terrier work... it is evident that a dog with a coat that looks like silk is simply a toy."Owners and breeders in the 1800s placed a high value on the beautiful blue and tan coat, and would cover the dog's feet and tie the hair back over their eyes to keep the coat looking at its best for dog shows

The Rastreador Brasileiro (in English, Brazilian Tracker) is a large breed of dog from Brazil, first recognised by the Fédération Cynologique Internationale in 1967, but an outbreak of disease, compounded by an overdose of insecticide, wiped out the breed's entire breeding stock. The FCI and the Brazilian Kennel Club (Confederação Brasileira de Cinofilia) then declared the breed extinct in 1973 and delisted it. Since then, efforts have been made to re-create the breed. The Rastreador Brasileiro is a hunting dog of the scenthound type. The breed is also known by the names Urrador (for its hunting cry) or Urrador Americano, in reference to the American (U.S.) coonhounds in its background.A breed standard from 1970 shows the size as being 62 to 67 cm (24.4 to 26.4 ins) at the withers, and the general appearance as being generally similar to an American coonhound.

The Salish Wool Dog is an extinct breed of white, long-haired, Spitz-type dog that was developed and bred by the native peoples of what is now Washington State and British Columbia.The Salish Wool Dog is the only known prehistoric North American dog developed by true animal husbandry. The small long-haired wool dog and the coyote-like village dog were deliberately maintained as separate populations. The dogs were kept in packs of about 12 to 20 animals, and fed primarily raw and cooked salmon. To keep the breed true to type and the preferred white color, Salish Wool Dogs were confined on islands and in gated caves. The extinction of the Salish Wool Dog began with European contact. A combination of 1) the availability of Hudson Bay blankets and later sheep, and 2) decimation of the indigenous population by European diseases causing the breakup of the native culture, caused the Salish Wool Dog to interbreed with other dogs and lose its unique identity. By 1858, the Salish Wool Dog was considered extinct as a distinct breed. The last identifiable wool dog died in 1940.

The Southern Hound was a breed of dog that existed in Britain probably until sometime in the 19th century. The exact date of its extinction is not known; it is likely that it was gradually interbred with other breeds until the genuine Southern Hound bloodline ceased to exist.The origins of the Southern Hound are equally unclear. Most writers suggest that it is derived from the Talbot Hound that was brought to Britain in the 11th century after the Norman Conquest. The Talbot was a predominantly white, slow, deep-throated, scent hound derived from the St. Hubert Hound which had been developed in the 8th century. At some point the English Talbots were crossed with Greyhounds to give them an extra turn of speed.In The Dog published in 1852, William Youatt states that the Southern Hound may have existed in Britain since ancient times rather than being brought from France by the Normans.The Southern Hound seems to have fallen out of favour during the 18th century as the fashion for shorter hunts led to the development of the faster Foxhound. Youatt wrote that there were still packs in use in Devon in the 19th century and that the Southern Hound was sometimes used in conjunction with Foxhound packs to help pick up the cold trail when the pack lost the scent. Some were employed in Wales on polecat hunts (that could last several days), and they appear to have been used to hunt otter before being employed as breeding stock for the development of the Otterhound.

The St. John's Water Dog, also called the St. John’s Dog, was a dog breed from Newfoundland. Little is known of the breeds that went into its creation.This breed is the ancestor of the modern Retrievers; including the Flat Coated Retriever, the Chesapeake Bay Retriever, the Golden Retriever, and the Labrador Retriever. The St. John’s Dog was also the founding breed of the large and gentle Newfoundland dog, likely as a result of breeding with mastiffs brought to the island by the generations of Portuguese fishermen who had been fishing offshore since the 1400s. The St. John's Dog was made extinct in its homeland by a combination of two factors. In an attempt to encourage sheep raising, heavy restrictions and taxes were placed on dog ownership during the 1800s. Also their main overseas destination, the UK, imposed rigorous long-term quarantine on all imported animals, especially dogs (1885) as part of the eradication of rabies. However, in both Newfoundland and the Maritime provinces, there are still large black mixed-breed dogs with many characteristics of the original St. John's dog.The last two known St. John's Dogs, photographed in rural Newfoundland.The 6th Duke of Buccleuch reportedly managed to import a few St. John's dogs between 1933-1934 and continued to retain as pure a version of the breed as possible (as the Dukes do to this day), but the breed continued to dwindle. The last two St. John's dogs were photographed in old age, having survived in a "very remote area",but both were male, bringing the breed to an end.

The Tahltan Bear Dog was a breed of dog that was indigenous to Canada. It is thought to be extinct by most authorities.Raised by the Tahltan Natives to hunt bear, the Tahltan Bear Dog was a mighty power in a small package. Before a hunt, the dogs were ceremonially bled by stabbing them in the hindquarters with the fibula bone of a fox or wolf. The morning of the hunt, two dogs were carried in a sack over the Natives shoulder until fresh bear tracks were sighted. Upon release, these little dogs moved lightly over the crust of snow while the bear was slowed down by the deep drifts. Their fox-like staccato yaps harassed the bear into submission or confused him until the Natives could come close enough for a kill. To prepare for a foray against big cats, a claw from a dead lynx was used to ceremonially mark the dog's face.The Tahltan Bear Dog had the courage to face a bear, but was friendly and gentle with smaller animals and with humans. They lived in the tent with the family, sharing bed and board. A Jesuit of the 17th century described the Natives communal houses in winter, saying he "could not decide which was worse — the smoke, the fleas or the dogs."Descended from pariah-type dogs that had come with prehistoric migrations, the Tahltan Dogs were centralized in the remote mountainous areas of northwestern British Columbia and the Northern Yukon. Their usual diet was small bits of birds, meat and fish, and they flourished in the bitter cold. Outside their native environment, they succumbed to distemper, heat prostration and problems due to dietary changes. As white explorers came into the territory, bringing a variety of other dogs, the Tahltan Dog became diluted.

The Talbot Hound is an extinct snow white hunting dog originating in Normandy and used and developed in Great Britain. It had a keen smell and was of such large stature that it was rumored of being capable of bringing down a white stag in the midst of winter, though there are no records of this. William the Conqueror is credited with bringing the Talbot to Britain in the eleventh century A.D. Though the breed is now extinct because of its lack of purpose and need for constant care, it is credited with being a more recent ancestor of the modern-day beagle and bloodhound. The term "talbot" is used in heraldry to refer to a good-mannered hunting dog.The market town of Sudbury, Suffolk in the east of the United Kingdom has the Talbot on the town crest, which is also used for a local school and many local sports clubs. The dog is always depicted with its tongue protruding.

The Turnspit Dog is a short-legged, long-bodied dog bred to run on a wheel, called a turnspit or dog wheel, to turn meat. The type is now extinct. It is mentioned in Of English Dogs in 1576 under the name Turnespete. Rev. W. Bingley's Memoirs of British Quadrupeds (1809) also talks of a dog employed to help chefs and cooks. It is also known as the Kitchen Dog, the Cooking Dog, the Underdog and the Vernepator. In Linnaeus's 18th century classification of dogs it is listed as Canis vertigus. The breed was lost since it was considered to be such a lowly and common dog that no record was effectively kept of it. They are related, it is believed, to the Glen of Imaal Terrier. The Vernepator Cur was bred to run on a wheel in order to turn meat so it would cook evenly. This took both courage (to stand near the fire) and loyalty (not to eat the roast). Due to the strenuous nature of the work, a pair of dogs would often be worked in shifts. This may have led to the proverb 'every dog has his day.' The dogs were also taken to church to serve as foot warmers. One story says that during service at a church in Bath, the Bishop of Gloucester, gave a sermon and uttered the line "It was then that Ezekiel saw the wheel...". At the mention of the word "wheel" several turnspit dogs, who had been brought to church as foot warmers, ran for the door.

The Tweed Water Spaniel, or Tweed Spaniel, is a breed of dog extinct since the 1800s. Tweed Water Spaniels were descendants of the "ruggedly built water dogs" and shared the same family origins as Field Spaniels. They were Spaniel retrievers that were considered very intelligent, excellent swimmers, and driven to please their masters. Their temperament and retrieving qualities were similar to today's Golden Retriever, since Golden Retrievers are said to be 25% Tweed Water Spaniel. The Tweed Water Spaniel is also a prominent ancestor of the Curly Coated Retriever and American Water Spaniel. The Tweed Water Spaniel depicted in this painting most closely resembles the modern-day liver Curly Coated Retriever.

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- Robert A. Heinlein


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